The Qur’ân contains ten precious advices Luqmân offered his son. Following is the list of this advice … — Luqmaan’s Advice to his Son
Who was Luqman
His full name was Luqman bin `Anqa’ bin Sadun, and his son’s name was Tharan, according to a saying quoted by As-Suhayli. Allah describes him in the best terms, and states that he granted him wisdom.
The Salaf differed over the identity of Luqman; there are two opinions: was he a Prophet or just a righteous servant of Allah without the prophethood.
The majority favored the latter view, that he was a righteous servant of Allah without being a Prophet.
Sufyan Ath-Thawri said, narrating from Al-Ash`ath, from `Ikrimah, from Ibn `Abbas, “Luqman was an Ethiopian slave who was a carpenter.
`Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr said, “I said to Jabir bin `Abdullah: `What did you hear about Luqman’ He said: `He was short with a flat nose, and came from Nubia.”’
Yahya bin Sa`id Al-Ansari narrated from Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib that “Luqman was from the black peoples of (southern) Egypt, and had thick lips. Allah gave him wisdom but withheld prophethood from him.”
Al-`Awza`i said, “`Abdur-Rahman bin Harmalah told me; `A black man came to Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib to ask him a question, and Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib said to him: “Do not be upset because you are black, for among the best of people were three who were black: Bilal, Mahja` the freed slave of `Umar bin Al-Khattab, and Luqman the Wise, who was a black Nubian with thick lips.”
Ibn Jarir recorded that Khalid Ar-Raba`i said: “Luqman was an Ethiopian slave who was a carpenter. — Tafsir ibn Kathir Surah No.31
Now that we know more about Luqmân let’s learn about his wise advice.
1. Luqmân warns his son against the greatest injustice man can do.
Allâh said that Luqmân said:
“O my son! Join not in worship others with Allâh. Verily, joining others in worship with Allâh is a great injustice indîd.” —Surah Luqmân 31:13
Luqmân calls his son: “My Son”. To do so catches his son’s attention so that he may listen carefully to his father.
Then he calls his son’s attention to Tawheed.
“Shirk,” Luqmân said:” Is a great injustice indeed“.
Therefore, the one who associates others with Allâh in worship does injustice to Allâh, the owner and Creator of the universe.
A great injustice is also done to the Mushrik: he subjects himself to Allâh’s anger and eternal punishment in Hell. — Luqmaan’s Advice to his Son