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Many incidences hard to bear will happen to you.

To understand and succeed against the difficulties, you must know your religion. Here are three ayah (verses) from the Qur’aan. Their explanation comes from ibn Katheer.

Part 3 of this explanation focuses on the ending of ayah 155, and all of ayah 156 and 157.

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Quran Ch 2:155-157 ♦ Surah alBaqarah Ayaat 155-157

And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient). [155]

Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.” [156]

They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e., who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones. [157]

Explanation of ayah 155-157 Part 3: The Believer is Patient with the Affliction and thus gains a Reward

. . . but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient). [155]

Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.” [156]

They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e., who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones. [157]

This is why Allah said next:

{but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient).}

He then explained whom He meant by `the patient’ whom He praised:

{Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.”}

meaning,

those who recite this statement to comfort themselves in the face of their loss, know that they belong to Allah and that He does what He wills with His servants.

They also know that nothing and no deed, even if it was the weight of an atom, will be lost with Allah on the Day of Resurrection.

These facts thus compel them to admit that they are Allah’s servants and that their return will be to Him in the Hereafter.

This is why Allah said:

{They are those on whom are the Salawat (i. e., who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy,}

meaning,

Allah’s praise and mercy will be with them. Sa`id bin Jubayr added, “Meaning, safety from the torment.”

{and it is they who are the guided ones.}

`Umar bin Al-Khattab commented:

“What righteous things, and what a great heights.

{‘They are those on whom are the Salawat from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His mercy’}

are the two righteous things.

{‘and it is they who are the guided ones’}

are the heights.”

The heights means more rewards, and these people will be awarded their rewards and more.

Journal Assignment

Write one benefit you gained from this week’s reading. And here are several questions to further explore in your journal.

  1. Who gets glad tidings?
  2. Who is meant by “the patient”?
  3. Who does Allah praise?
  4. Who are the guided ones that ‘Umar bin al-Khattab referred to?
  5. What are the two righteous things?
  6. What does Allah’s praise and mercy mean?
  7. What should we say when we suffer a loss of something or when something bad happens to us? What is the proof for saying this statement?
  8. Look up the words in a dictionary and write down their meanings:
    afflicted
    calamity
    tidings

Part 4 next week, insha’Allah

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